10 Şubat 2010 Çarşamba


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Tuesday, 09 February 2010

When he fell the top of the minaret of the Mosque Square Lambros Tzavela. The Italian-German bombing of Ioannina.

During the first days after the Italian attack on October 28, 1940, Ioannina bombed by Italian planes. The fury of the Italian bomber known for good melons in the region of Kaloutsanis.
Several houses Kaloutsanis suffer damage or be destroyed by the Italian cluster.Along with these and the minaret of the mosque Kaloutsianis (Square Lambros Tzavela) to yawn since headless, having as a cap of a stork nest.
Roughly the same days in dogfight over the area of Single Fathers rebutted the plane and killed the heroic pilot of.
During the Italian war used to sit in the airport area whose February 1941 conducted dogfight.

Heavy bombing of Ioannina was made by German bombers on 20 April 1941, shortly before the signing of the capitulation in Votonosi which bombed the military hospital in the Old Teachers College Zosimaia even brought a huge visible sign of the Red Cross.

Mr. Achilles Kalogeridis recounts in his book "Memories of Occupation II - Italians and Germans in Ioannina and the destruction of the Jewish community" of Christoph Gustavus Publications Isnafi - Ioannina 2008
... When the Italians bombed, was held for ten or fifteen minutes and bombs do not cause major damage. People are shrugging off the bombs and did not go to shelters. But the bombing by the Germans was very strong just before the signing of the surrender in April 1941.
Then, at Easter 1941 was different. The bombing lasted all day. In the basement of 'Acropolis were built special shelters because there vriskotane entire General Headquarters of the Albanian front. Had made concrete cages inside, ie through the walls, thickness 50 to 70 centimeters. The General Staff officers descended on these refuges. That day, made the truce, the bombing was ruthless. The sirens on the hotel continuously hitting. Eventually a bomb blast started by Zosimaia Academy, passed in front of the hotel until more under your watch.

Mr. Angelos Kalogeridis tells the same book
... On October 28 we were in the village. This day saw the first plane dropped bombs from high up in a bridge on the road from Ioannina to Igoumenitsa. I saw something twinkle in the sky up there. I thought throwing notices, but then came the sound of bombs and understood. This sound was to me the first shocking testimony of the war.
... And Ioannina bombed by the Italians. But the worst began as soon as the Germans intervened in the war. On April 20, 1941, that Easter Sunday, was bombed and the hospital in Ioannina by German stucco. That day in the operating room and dropped a bomb. The city was constantly alert and killed people ... So one step in our headquarters went from hotel to Votonosi to negotiate a truce with the Germans. Head was Tsolakoglou, the commander of the 11th Division, which fell from Grevena under pressure from German troops.They came all the officers, some one hundred and so, in Ioannina, in the headquarters of the Continent, namely the "Acropolis". The Tsolakoglou then entered into negotiations because the Papagos, former head of the Army of the Albanian front and agreed to make a truce with the Germans. It was delivered to the administration Tsolakoglou, who took over the responsibilities of capitulation in conjunction with the Metropolitan Spyridon of Ioannina, which then became Archbishop.
In the shelters 'Graduates' was discussion of the terms of surrender to the officers. The Tsolakoglou asked what they ask the Germans and the debate was to be a collective responsibility of all officers.
Easter Monday April 21, 1941, the Germans arrive via Driskos in Ioannina. ... Like a series of iron caterpillars seemed to go downhill speeds mount Mitsikeli from Driskos until the end, run tanks, trucks, motorcycles, military ....
... Looking from afar, as if there was to them. You told us nothing. Kovanis anything from fruit trees and ate. I remember one who cut oranges and lemons and 'eat with their skins ....

Peter Apostolides in his book OSA THYMAMAI Volume II writes:
... The Italian planes bombing. The first house in Ioannina, which literally disintegrated by a bomb, was the ... Tourkoalvanou gazelles were attacked and we instead get a shelter, watching the carefree yard. A small airplane and made two more maneuvers in the air and heard bursts of machine guns. Suddenly, one of the big amount and get lit like a firework, dissolved in small pieces. Then we learned that the little fighter was our pilot on Papadopoulos, who died so heroically. At the same time four or five successive bomb blasts in there with us. I lay down roots in the wall right by the entrance. ... At the junction, which is now the "Palladium" fell from the sky like a big kartoni when right when you left. It was one of the wings of fighter dissolved, cut some wires and the electrical wire and sat on the road.
.... I was struck by the reaction of people in the bombing. Wait panic and do not. They took it like physical fitness, running to shelters with a siren alarm and the end to xanapianoun job.
Hospital bomb: wear and place within the precincts of the Hospital an antiaircraft searchlight. Doctors are discussing among ourselves angry: anti-aircraft gun at the Hospital! We did order the airplanes and above all an excuse for them not to respect or hospital or anything, but who to talk to them in Printzo? Not the Han to nothing to my stick and class enemy army, a friend of Italian and everything else you want. ... We did not even finish dinner that evening at the home of his friend and physician Maroufof suddenly without prior warning signal, a bomb explosion and a close second ... The bomb was dropped near the projector at the Hospital. Then they realized the crime did it put the spotlight on hospital and evacuated immediately. The airplane came to symbol error, slaked with the machine, the direction of Driskos, so I do not got no news, dropped bombs, put in front of the machine and disappeared. They said then that pilot of the airplane was Voiditsis, a Greco-Epirus.
Easter stucco: ... On the day on Easter Sunday (20 Apr.1941) German planes bomb military hospital (building Zosimaia Teachers College) Dead quite a few doctors, nurses, sick and all the sisters. Among doctors and Markakis Kontiadis.
The bomb had burst right in the doorstep of one of the two surgeries since pierced roof, ceilings and concrete floors.
Had surgery at the time, killed doctors, nurses and those who were in the surgical ward, except the encheirizomeno. Flipped the surgical bed - had not yet started the surgery-and he was found unconscious at between dead without scratch. The great hall between the two operating rooms were full of nurses and sick, all sisters of the Hospital taktopoiousan gauze and bandages for the surgical furnaces. The pieces by the bomb.
Only one escaped from those found in this hall, the doctor-soldier then Kolitsidas. Jaded from the night lie worked and slept behind t 'scattered in the hall basketware boxes of surgical instruments, destined for the front. They found him unconscious from the gas pressure.
... On the roof of the Academy - Hospital were clearly painted a huge Red Cross. The 'brave' Germans, the sons of poets and philosophers, they found the watch of focus ...
The end of an epic struggle: the same day signed delivery in Votonosi the other day and Easter Monday (April 21 and that of 1941) ... close to noon on his way to see a lengthy Driskos wide strip of powder to crawl like a snake with Ioannina, was a German army, motorcycles, jeeps, tanks, that 'rchotan from Metsovo. We were then under the occupation of the Germans ...
The texts of treaties signed by the "coup" Lieutenant Tsolakoglou in April 1941 ... sometimes the story is not as they told us ... or as they want to know.

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